To some, environment simply means nature. Some define the environment as a combination of flora and fauna with human beings and its process and characteristics. It also includes all its non-human traits. To some, the meaning of environment is closely related to its pristine landscape and its unique wilderness. Some also regard this as being a part of pastoral and agricultural topography. Whereas plenty of people see the environment as inclusive of everything present under the sky full of stars and clouds and rainbow.
What are the main characteristics of the environment
The main components of the environment are –
- Conservation of all natural resources
- Administration and maintenance of all biological diversity
- Management of environmental pollutions and controlling it to a permissible level
- Constraining the population of human being
- Developing substitute sources of renewable energy policy
- Giving protection, conservation, maintenance and management for the environment through the nation’s security department
Types of environment
On its basic structure, it is divided into three parts-
- Abiotic or Physical environment
It is the non-living part of the ecosystem that consists of solid (lithosphere, earth), liquid (hydrosphere, ocean) and gas (atmosphere, gaseous components) that mould the environment. It can also be seen in terms of its climatic states that make it suitable for all living beings to habitat on it.
- Biotic environment
It consists of all living organisms (flora and fauna) that live in the physical environment and socialise with each other. Therefore, the biotic environment is inclusive of – Flora and Fauna.
Flora is the naturally occurring plants in a particular region. Fauna is defined as all the animal life living in a particular region or present at a particular period.
- Cultural environment
An environment that is formed by human activities is called a cultural environment. It included forests, cities and urban areas, countryside landscapes, archaeological structures on water or land that are fixed, harbour and industrial area, roads, bridges and powerlines. And it is a non-renewable resource.
Elements of environment
- Atmosphere – It is the thick layer of gas that surrounds the earth. It mushrooms up to 300km above the earth’s surface. Smoke and dust particles, industrial gases, water vapour, microorganism and more are present other than the gases.
- Lithosphere – It is the solid shield present on the rocky planet. Its core is around 3500km in radius and 7000km in diameter and is located at the centre of the earth.
- Hydrosphere – It is inclusive of all water bodies such as lakes, oceans, wetlands, river, clouds, icecaps and more. It consists of 71 per cent of the earth’s surface and exists in solid, liquid and gaseous state.
A healthy environment is crucial for sustaining human life. Our earth gives us natural resources, food, water and land for us to survive. A healthy environment will give you purified air, clean water, regulation of climate, nutrients and food.